ALGERIA


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About ALGERIA

Algeria (Arabic: الجزائر‎‎ al-Jazā'ir; Berber: ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ, Dzayer; French: Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. Its capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the country's far north. With an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres (919,595 sq mi), Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, and the largest in Africa. Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by the Western Saharan territory, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. The country is a semi-presidential republic consisting of 48 provinces and 1,541 communes (counties). Abdelaziz Bouteflika has been President since 1999.
Ancient Algeria has known many empires and dynasties, including ancient Numidians, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Umayyads, Abbasids, Idrisid, Aghlabid, Rustamid, Fatimids, Zirid, Hammadids, Almoravids, Almohads, Ottomans and the French colonial empire. Berbers are generally considered to be the indigenous inhabitants of Algeria.
Algeria is a regional and middle power. The North African country supplies large amounts of natural gas to Europe, and energy exports are the backbone of the economy. According to OPEC Algeria has the 17th largest oil reserves in the world and the second largest in Africa, while it has the 9th largest reserves of natural gas. Sonatrach, the national oil company, is the largest company in Africa. Algeria has one of the largest militaries in Africa and the largest defence budget on the continent; most of Algeria's weapons are imported from Russia, with whom they are a close ally. Algeria is a member of the African Union, the Arab League, OPEC, the United Nations and is the founding member of the Maghreb Union.


Map of ALGERIA

algeria
Tiaret
Batna
Algeria
English Name Algeria
Official Name People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
Continent Africa
Currency DZD
Flag ALGERIA
Capital Algiers
Surface 2381741 km2
Seaside DA
Languages
Arabic
Links
Travel alerts in ALGERIA
Tourist spots in ALGERIA
Visa for ALGERIA
Airports in ALGERIA
Weather in ALGERIA
Exchange ALGERIA
Neighboring countries
NIGER
Libya
MALI
Morocco
MAURITANIA
TUNISIA
Cities
Code DZ